Equipment

Cameras: 35mm camera with black and white film and/or infrared film. Video or camcorders are also very good and should be used. Use brand new tapes. Don't use an old tape and tape over something. Have all the film developed by experts. Don't forget tri-pods! Digital cameras are also useful but can also produce an array or dust or moisture "orbs". (see below)

Night Vision Equipment: Small powered infra-red LED units can be bought for about £30-£40 and produce excellent lighting for night vision.

Tape Recorder: A good tape recorder and an external static free microphone should be in use at all times in the ghost hunt. Even if you don't hear anything during the hunt rewind the tape and play it back. Spirit voices have been known to be heard on tape later after review. This is referred to as, EVP, Electronic Voice Phenomena. Again, use brand new tapes when recording.

Flash Lights: Always have bright flash lights (usually 3 or 4) and extra batteries. Sometimes candles may be used but don't count on them staying lit.

A Notebook and pens/pencils: Notebook is a good way to keep notes, records of time or a journal of events.

EMF Detector: These are great! EMF Detectors can pick up electronic fields over different frequencies. Where there are ghosts there are usually disruptions in the electronic field. They are relatively cheap ranging from £15 upwards. You should try to get a hold of one or more of these for all field work. As a guide line each person in your group should have one on hand.

Thermometer: A good thermometer can detect changes in room temperature quickly. It's best to use the old fashion mercury filled, red line, thermometers. They have electronic thermometers but in ghost cases where electromagnetic forces have been reported they might fail right when you need them.

Compass: Great for navigation if you know how to use one and also great for picking up those electromagnetic forces. A compass will react to any magnetic or electrical stimulus that is out of the ordinary. Same rules apply here, try not to use the electronic compass's. Stick to the simple boy scout, needle points North version.

Ghost Catcher: (also called, a Spirit Wind Chime) The idea here is that the spirit will pass by and cause the ghost catcher to chime much like a wind chime does in the wind. You can use the wind chime that you get in the stores, however, try to get the ones made of the lightest material. You don't want the arms to be too heavy. For obvious reasons these will not be affective outside or in any area where a breeze or wind is blowing. You can make Ghost Catchers yourself. Take about 8 to 10 very thin strips of metal (about one inch wide and about 6 to 8 inches long). Put a hole in one end of each strip. Tie seperate strings to each strip. Leave about 6 inches of slack in the string and tie the other end of the strings to a pole or something that keeps the strips hanging down. Tie them about one half inch apart on the pole. The strips shouldn't touch each other but shouldn't be very far apart either. Hang the pole from the ceiling or in a doorway. I know that some people paint the strips with glowing paint to make them easier to see at night or in the dark. Any variation on a wind chime will work. For the best results make several ghost catchers and put them at different spots throughout a house.

Infrared Thermal Scanner: These saves on infrared film and time by accurately pin pointing the cold spots. These scanners are excellent to use in outside investigations. Price range is around £150 to £300. This is not something that you must have, but if you can afford, it give it a try.

Air Ion Counter: Measures positive and negative Ions in the air. This little add-on is a great instrument to have for use in the field. The price is high, around £200- £300..

Headset Communicators: When you have a team of three or more people headset commincators are a great idea for staying in contact when spread out. You can use the hand held walkie talkies but the headset frees up your hands for holding cameras etc. They will run in the price range of £20 to £50 a set.

Spot Lights: Small battery powered spot lights really help at night when it comes to setting up and taking down cameras and other equipment. They can also be used for safety and to get a better view of the surrounding terrain at night. Get the lights that sit on the ground but have swivels on the lights to set them to different angles. Plan on getting between 2 and 6 spot lights depending on your needs.

*Notes on using digital cameras and "Orbs".

Orbs appear to be a form of energy of unknown origin.  They are not stray lights or dust particles.  They are not sufficiently strong enough to set off any type of detection meters, nor do they have sufficient mass to set off infrared motion detectors.  They seem to defy gravity and change and change directions, sometimes quickly.  They twinkle.  They react to the presence of people: they increase in number when people are present in a haunted location.  They appear both indoors and outdoors.  They cannot be explained by static discharge such as that which is created by walking on carpet, for they are recorded in houses and buildings that have no carpet.  Orbs are not the same as “ghost lights”, which are similar in shape and behaviour, but which are much brighter and are visible to the naked eye.  According to Dale Kaczmarek, president of the ghost research society (GRS), orbs may be some of the best evidence for hauntings.  The GRS has pioneered investigation of orbs with night-vision equipment and has documented cases with unexplained orb activity.  Many people mistakenly think they capture orbs on photographic film.  Most mysterious balls or arcs of light that appear in photographs are refractions of light on the camera lens, caused by light bouncing back from artificial lights, reflective surfaces (not always noticeable to the eye) and so on.  Digital cameras are particularly unreliable for recording orbs.  Digital orbs, usually perfectly round, are spots where pixels do not fill in sufficiently.  False orbs tend to be pale white or blue and transparent.  Genuine orbs appear dense and brighter on film.  The probability of capturing genuine orbs increases if photographs are taken at the same time as other unusual phenomena are experienced, such as sharp changes in temperatures and increases in electromagnetic energy.